Located in Eastern Europe, Ukraine is the second largest country on the continent (after Russia). It is situated on the Black Sea and has a population of over 40 million people. Some of its neighbors are Russia, Belarus, Poland, and Romania. The picturesque Carpathian Mountains can be found in Ukraine, along with one of Europe’s longest rivers, the Dnieper. The vast majority of the people in Ukraine are ethnic Ukrainians who speak Ukrainian, with Russians as the largest minority. In the nineteenth century, one fourth of the world’s Jewish population lived in Ukraine territory, but that population was devasted by the Holocaust. Before Ukraine declared independence in 1991, it was part of the Soviet Union. More recently, protests in 2014 toppled the government of pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych. Russia responded by annexing Crimea, a historically contested region on the Black Sea. The UN General Assembly has voted several times reaffirming Ukraine's territorial integrity and nonrecognition of Crimea’s annexation. On February 24, 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine. The UN subsequently voted overwhelmingly for an immediate withdrawal of Russian troops and released a statement condemning Russia aggression.